What Makes a good leader?

Juanessa Abbott
Written by

thought-leaderMMDI Leadership Styles are based on the psychological theory of C.G. Jung and Isabel Briggs Myers. There are eight leadership styles, which can be used to develop your own leadership effectiveness.

Research was conducted with 500 leaders and 4,000 staff to find out what makes a good leader. The results show that different industries, disciplines, and contexts require the use of different leadership styles to be effective.

The table below describes each of the eight leadership styles, and gives examples when the style should or should not be used.

Leadership Style - Myers Briggs type

Participate - ESFJ/ENFJ, Extraverted Feeling

People-oriented, motivator, builds personal relationships, likable, interpersonal skills, cares for others.
When to use:       Commitment from others is critical, or sensitive situations.
When not to use: Decisions need to be forced through, conflict is being avoided.

* Ideological Leadership - ISFP/INFP, Intraverted Feeling

Value-driven, has passion for key issues, focuses on important themes, champions the cause.
When to use:        The group has lost its sense of identity, or is doing too many unimportant things.
When not to use: There is a problem that needs to be solved with dispassionate objectivity (eg: technical issues).

* Change-Oriented leadershipENTP/ENFP, Extroverted Intuition

Tries things that are new, prototypes, introduces change, looks for unexpected outcomes, creates new opportunities, experiments
When to use:         Radical change is needed, change is a long term activity.
When not to use: There are already too many initiatives under way and some stability is needed.

* Visionary LeadershipINTJ/INFJ, Introverted Intuition

Develops long term vision, produces radical ideas, foresees the future, anticipates what is outside current knowledge
When to use:         Radical change is needed, change is a long term activity.
When not to useThere are immediate dangers, the group may not survive in the short term

* Action Oriented LeadershipESTP/ESFP, Extroverted Sensing

Takes action, produces results, leads from the front, sets an example, does what is asked of others.
When to use:        There is some inertia, or lack of achievement has destroyed motivation.
When not to use: The group is being too expedient, current success may ebb in the future.

* Goal - Oriented Leadership ISTJ/ISFJ, Introverted Sensing

Observes, listens, clarifies goals, establishes realistic expectations, makes aims crystal clear
When to use:        The direction is vague or expectations have not been articulated.
When not to useThere are already too many goals or too much information

* Executive Leadership ESTJ/ENTJ, Extroverted Thinking

Organises, makes plans, sets measurable goals, coordinates work of different people, manages resources.
When to use:        There is chaos/lack of organisation, or there are no measures of achievement.
When not to use: There are so many processes that creativity has been stifled

* Leadership Theorist ISTP/INTP, Introverted Thinking

Analyses, uses models, produces explanations, compares other situations, engages in intellectual debate
When to use:        The situation is complex or driven by technical solutions.
When not to use: People's feelings are paramount, or the group go round in circular arguments.

The best way to explore your use of the leadership styles is to complete a combined personality and leadership test. This will help you by building awareness of your own leadership profile, including natural preferences, strengths, and weaknesses.

It will also show you how to recognise the personality types of other people, and how to adapt your style to lead, motivate, and manage different types.

There is also a benefit in developing a greater awareness of the leadership demands of differing contexts and how they compare with your natural leadership profile.

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